The initiative began in the fall of 2007 as part of an effort to enhance and gather the strategic, tactical and task functions of the prevention, preparedness, response and recovery phases of emergency management under one umbrella. This one umbrella approach helps Penn to efficiently and effectively allocate resources to components of the initiative in a mindfully prioritized system. This program is part of the evolution of the development of the University of Pennsylvania Crisis Management Plan, which was developed prior to the events on September 11, 2001.